Stroke has become the leading cause of death in India. It is a dangerous disease that requires immediate medical attention. World Stroke Day 2022 is celebrated on 29 October every year to spread awareness about this life-threatening disease.
According to one figure, more than 18 lakh stroke cases are reported in India every year. About 15 percent of these cases affect people between the ages of 30 and 40. According to the doctors if the warning sign of a stroke is identified in a person, then his life can be saved before things get delayed. On the occasion of World Stroke Day 2022, we are presenting you with more information related to stroke including warning signs and symptoms of this disease.
What is a stroke?
Stroke is called ‘FAST’ in short language.
F means face drooping – If a person’s face becomes numb while laughing at the face, then it is a symptom of stroke.
A means Arm Weakness – Ask a person to lift both arms and if you feel weak or numb in the hands then it could be a symptom of a stroke.
S stands for Speech Difficulty – If a person is having difficulty speaking. If there is any problem in pronouncing words, then this is also considered a symptom of stroke.
T means Time to Call – If a person sees any of the above symptoms, then he should immediately contact the doctor. If any person sees any of these symptoms of stroke, then he needs to be treated within 4 to 4.5 hours. If the patient does not get treatment in time, the consequences can be serious.
What to do to avoid stroke?
Doctors say that more than 80% of stroke cases can be prevented by making lifestyle changes. To avoid a disease like a stroke, you should keep the following things in mind.
- Keep blood pressure and diabetes under control, anyone over the age of 40 should get their blood pressure and diabetes checked from time to time.
- Don’t smoke and stop consuming alcohol.
- People with stroke should not quit or stop the drug without consulting a neurologist.
- Be physically active and keep weight under control. Doing 30 minutes of moderate exercise such as walking, cycling, aerobics, and yoga five days a week can reduce the chances of stroke.
How can you control a stroke?
- To stay healthy, make a healthy diet a part of your lifestyle because if there is a bad diet, then the risk of stroke will also remain.
- A high-sodium diet can raise blood pressure, so reduce salt intake by about half a teaspoon a day.
- Avoid taking a high-calorie diet like a burger, cheese, and ice cream.
- A diet containing 5 or more servings of fruits and vegetables may reduce the risk of stroke.