December 6, 2023 06:49:20

World Prematurity Day: Know What Premature Birth Is, And What Problems Premature Babies Face!

When a child is born at least 3 weeks before the due date, then this condition is called premature birth. Let us know what the symptoms are seen in premature babies, what are its symptoms and causes, and what kind of problems such babies face.

What Is Premature Birth?

Every year November 17 is celebrated as Prematurity Day. The problems related to Premature Birth and the problems faced by the child in the future are discussed further. When a child is born at least 3 weeks before the due date, then this condition is called premature birth. In other words, when a child is born before the beginning of the 37th week of pregnancy, it is called premature birth. Babies who are born prematurely, especially those born much before the due date, may have various health problems. Premature babies have to go through many problems. The sooner the child is born, the more problems it has.

Problems depend on how early the baby is born

  • Late preterm refers to babies who are born between 34 and 36 weeks of pregnancy.
  • Moderate preterm, such situation is called when the baby is born between 32 and 34 weeks of pregnancy.
  • When the baby is born before the 32nd week of pregnancy, such delivery is called very preterm.
  • When a baby is born at or before 25 weeks of pregnancy, such a condition is called extremely preterm.
  • By the way, tell that most premature births happen in the late preterm stage. This means they are between 34 to 36 weeks and this is the reason that they also have fewer health problems.

What Are The Symptoms Seen In Premature Babies?

Babies who are born prematurely may show very minor symptoms and sometimes these symptoms are so minor that they go unnoticed.

  • Lack of physical development of the person.
  • The head of such a person is bigger than his body.
  • The bones are visible, and his jawline and other features are visible because fat does not accumulate in him.
  • Fine hair all over the body.
  • Low body temperature, especially low birth weight in the delivery room.
  • Shortness of breath
  • Lack of awareness or difficulty in sucking and swallowing, due to which the child has difficulty in drinking milk.
  • Temperature control problem (the body temperature of such children drops rapidly)
  • Gastrointestinal Problems
  • Blood problems (such as anemia and jaundice)
  • Metabolic Problems
  • Immunity is weak

Long-term health problems in babies born prematurely include:

  • Cerebral palsy
  • Problems with learning and reading
  • Visual deficiency
  • Hearing loss may also occur
  • Dental problems
  • Behavioral and psychological problems
  • Chronic health issues