World Arthritis Day referred to as WAD and is a global awareness day held every year on 12 October. WAD aims to help raise awareness in all audiences across the world of the existence and impact of rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases, often referred to as RMDs. WAD was initially established by Arthritis and Rheumatism International (ARI) in 1996. The debilitating effects of RMDs, of which more than 200 exist, are little known their impact, however, is large and silently felt.
What is Arthritis?
Arthritis is a paralyzing disease that causes inflammation of joints due to thinning cartilages that support bones’ movement. It results in swollen joints, physical disability, spinal disorders, anemia, fatigue, and also fever in some cases. Regardless of age or gender, arthritis like osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, spinal disorders, and rheumatoid arthritis can affect anybody. Rheumatoid arthritis is an advanced and more severe version of the disease that damages not just bones but skin, lungs, hearts, and blood vessels as well.
Here are several effective ways to maintain bone health and reduce joint pain:
- Healthy diet
Omega-3 fatty acids provide numerous health advantages and could help to control inflammation. You can add walnuts, flaxseeds, chia seeds, and avocados to your diet as these food items are rich in Omega-3 fatty acids.
- Maintain Weight
Weight gain puts strain on weight-bearing joints such as the hips and knees. Each pound gained puts more pressure on your knees, and being obese is linked to a four to five-times increased risk of developing osteoarthritis. Maintaining your weight could help you to avoid arthritis.
- Control blood sugar level
High blood sugar levels can tighten the connective tissue that supports your joints, making them more vulnerable to stress.
- Avoid injury
A joint that has been wounded is more likely to develop arthritis than one that has never been affected. When participating in sports, always use protective equipment to avoid any injury to joints, especially knees.
Just 30 minutes of exercise five times a week keeps joints limber and muscles that support your knees and hips strong. Low-impact exercises such as walking, cycling, or swimming should be prioritized.
Stretching gently can increase your range of motion and keep your joints limber. Try to incorporate easy stretches into your daily routine.
- Stop smoking
Smoking puts strain on the tissues that protect your joints, which can result in arthritic discomfort. Several studies have established that smoking is one of the major risk factors for the development and severity of rheumatoid arthritis.