It was established in 1945, it is one of the five main organs of the United Nations responsible for maintaining international peace and security and for accepting new members of the United Nations. The Security Council held its first meeting on 17 January 1946 at Church House, Westminster, and London. Since its first meeting, the Security Council has had permanent members at the United Nations Headquarters in New York City. He also traveled to many cities, holding sessions in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, Panama City, Panama in 1972, and Geneva, Switzerland in 1990.
Functions and Powers of UNSC
- It determines the existence of a threat to the peace or act of aggression and recommends what action should be taken.
- It is responsible for maintaining international peace and security by the principles and purposes of the United Nations.
- It investigates any dispute or situation which might lead to international friction.
- It recommends methods of adjusting disputes or the terms of the settlement.
- It formulates a plan for the establishment of a system to regulate armaments.
- It calls on Members to apply economic sanctions and other measures not involving the use of force to prevent or stop aggression.
- It takes military action against an aggressor.
- It recommends the inclusion of new members in the organization.
- It works in a strategic area.
- It recommends the General Assembly the appointment of the Secretary-General and, together with the Assembly, elect the Judges of the International Court of Justice.
- It can impose sanctions or even authorize the use of force to maintain or restore international peace and security.