Paranoia or paranoia is a mental illness in which a person starts behaving abnormally. In this, the person stops trusting his relatives and a feeling of doubt arises in his mind toward them. He feels that everyone wants to kill or physically harm him. Due to such thoughts coming into the patient’s mind, he stops leaving the house and starts living separately.
Many mental and physical diseases can cause paranoia. Apart from this, there are some other conditions as well, which can cause this. This mainly includes drug addiction and head injury etc. Paranoia is tested to find out its internal causes. Once the condition causing it is detected, treatment is started accordingly. Its treatment mainly includes psychotherapy and some special medicines.
It is very important to get treatment for paranoia as soon as possible. If the treatment is not done on time, the person may have to face many permanent mental and physical problems. This situation can also lead to relationship breakdown and job loss.
What Is Paranoia?
Paranoia is a type of paranoia, which is a problem associated with certain thoughts. In this, the patient becomes exceptionally suspicious of other people and loses faith in them. A person suffering from paranoia feels as if someone will catch him as soon as he comes out. He gets afraid of any kind of damage to his body without any reason. Paranoia is also more common in people with dementia and people who use drugs. The psychotic thoughts that accompany paranoia can also be a symptom of another health problem.
Symptoms Of Paranoia
Almost everyone experiences symptoms of paranoia at some point in their lives. But in paranoia disease, its symptoms remain continuously. The symptoms of paranoia can vary according to its severity and can affect many aspects of life. Its symptoms include the following –
- Not trusting anyone, causing worry all the time
- Being afraid and feeling persecuted for no reason
- Stay away and do not talk to anyone
- Inability to relate properly to others
In this situation, the person is not able to talk normally with anyone, due to which sourness starts to arise even in close relationships. A person suffering from paranoia feels that people are conspiring against him and want to harm him physically and mentally. People suffering from this also feel that people want to snatch or steal something from them. In such a situation, the person is not able to work with other people and starts living separately.
A sudden change in behavior towards other people can indicate this disease. People with paranoia may also have symptoms associated with hallucinations and delusions.
Causes Of Paranoia
The exact causes of paranoia diseases are not yet known. Some researchers suggest that environmental factors can trigger paranoia symptoms in people who already have mental health problems. There are certain situations, which can cause paranoia –
- Extreme mental or physical stress
- Head injury
- Stand out
- Starting and stopping a drug frequently
Abstinence from alcohol or any other intoxicant
Exposure to certain chemicals or toxic substances (such as pesticides, gasoline, and paint, etc.)
A major life change (such as the sudden death of a loved one or being the victim of a crime)
There are also some diseases related to the brain, which increase the risk of having paranoia –
- Alzheimer’s disease
- Parkinson’s disease
- Have seizures
- Brain tumor
- Huntington disease
When Does The Risk Of Getting Paranoia Increase?
According to some research, the risk of paranoia has been seen more in older or older people. This is because older people are more prone to problems like hallucinations and delusions. Due to this, due to their lack of hearing and weak eyesight, symptoms of paranoia are also seen in them. For example, paranoia is the after the loss of vision or hearing loss in older people.