The Non-Cooperative Movement, popularly known as the Civil Disobedience Movement, was founded on August 1, 1920 by Mahatma Gandhi. It was led by Mahatma Gandhi after the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre. It aimed to resist British rule in India through nonviolent means.
Characteristics of non-cooperative movement
The movement was essentially a peaceful and non-violent protest against the British government in India.
Indians were urged to give up their titles and resign from their nominated seats in local governments. People were asked to give up their government positions.
People have been encouraged to drop their children from government-controlled or subsidized schools and colleges. People were encouraged to boycott foreign products and use only Indian products.
People were urged to boycott the Legislative Council elections.
People were told not to serve in the British Army. It was also planned that people would refuse to pay taxes if the above steps did not yield results.
The INC also sought Swaraj or autonomy.
Only completely non-violent means will be used to meet the demands.
The non-cooperative movement was an important step in the independence movement. Because, for the first time, the INC was willing to give up its constitutional means of gaining autonomy.
Gandhi ji had promised that if this movement was continued to completion, Swaraj would accomplish it within a year
Success Of Non-Cooperative Movement
The most successful element of the program was the boycott of foreign fabrics. Volunteers went from house to house collecting clothes made from foreign fabrics, and the entire community gathered light bonfires of good. The value of foreign cloth imports fell from Rs. 102 million rupees in 1920-21 to Rs. 57 million rupees in 1921-22. Pickets in lemonade shops: Government revenues showed a significant drop in this aspect. The education boycott was particularly successful in Bengal, where Kolkata students staged a provincial strike to force their institute directors to break away from the government.