1. Rabindranath Tagore (Literature, 1913)
Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore was born in Calcutta, Bengal Presidency, Undivided India on 7 May 1861. He was the first Indian to win a Nobel Prize. He was given the Nobel Prize in Literature for his poetic work Gitanjali in the year 1913.
2. C. V. Raman (Physics, 1930)
Sir Chandrashekhara Venkata Raman was born in Thiruvanaikoil, Madras Presidency, Undivided India on 7 November 1888. He won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1930 for discovering Raman Scattering and Raman Effect.
3. Har Gobind Khorana (Physiology or Medicine, 1968)
Professor Har Gobind Khorana was born in Raipur of Punjab Province of Undivided India on 9 January 1922. He adopted citizenship in the United States in 1966 and was awarded Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1968 along with Robert W. Holley and Marshall Nirenberg.
4. Mother Teresa (Peace, 1979)
Mother Teresa was born as Anjezë Gonxhe Bojaxhiu on 26 August 1910 in Albania. She came to India in 1948 and adopted Indian citizenship in 1950. Mother Teresa was awarded Nobel Peace Prize in 1979.
5. Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar (Physics, 1983)
Professor Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar was the nephew of Sir CV Raman. Chandrasekhar was born in Lahore, Punjab Province of Undivided India on 19 October 1910. In the year 1953, he and his wife, Lalitha Chandrasekhar, adopted citizenship in the United States of America. He was awarded Nobel Prize for Physics in 1983 along with William A. Fowler.
6. Amartya Sen (Economics, 1998)
Professor Amartya Sen was born in Shantiniketan, Bengal Presidency, Undivided India on 3 November 1933. His main areas of research are Welfare economics, Social choice theory, and Development economics. He won the Nobel Prize for Economics in 1998.
7. Venkatraman Ramakrishnan (Chemistry, 2009)
Professor Venki Ramakrishnan was born in Chidambaram, Tamil Nadu, India in 1952. He later adopted citizenship of the United Kingdom and the United States. Along with Thomas A. Steitz and Ada E. Yonath, Prof. Ramakrishnan was awarded Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 2009.
8. Kailash Satyarthi (Peace, 2014)
Kailash Satyarthi was born as Kailash Sharma in Vidisha, Madhya Pradesh, India on 11 January 1954. In the year 1980, Kailash Satyarthi founded the Bachpan Bachao Andolan — a non-profit organization campaigning for the rights of children. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2014 along with Pakistan’s Malala Yousafzai (the youngest Nobel Prize winner).
9. Abhijit Banerjee (Economics, 2019)
Abhijit Vinayak Banerjee was born in Bombay, Maharashtra, India on 21 February 1961. He completed his MA in Economics from JNU in 1983 and Ph.D. from Harvard University in 1988. Later he adopted citizenship in the United States of America. Banerjee was given Nobel Prize in Economics along with his wife Esther Duflo and Michael Kremer.