Early Days Of Akbar’s Life
Jalaluddin Muhammad Akbar or Akbar the Great was the son of Nasiruddin Humayun. He was born on 15 October 1542 AD in a Rajput fort in Sindh at Amarkot. When Akbar was born, Humayun was thrown out of the country, so Akbar was raised in Afghanistan by his uncle Askari and his wife. Akbar learned to hunt and fight at an early age, but Akbar could not read and write.
Akbar was a well-known ruler along with being an expert in every field. When Akbar’s father Humayun died in an accident, Akbar assumed the throne on 14 February 1556 AD. At that time Akbar was only 13 years old and it was the early days of his life, at that time Akbar was under the guidance of his father’s minister Bairam Khan.
When He Became The Great Emperor Of The Mughal Dynasty
After assuming the throne Akbar decided to destroy the power of Sikandar Shah Suri, son of Sher Shah Suri of Punjab, and left the city of Delhi under Tardi Beg Khan. Akbar succeeded in this task and Sikandar Shah left his area. But in Delhi, seizing the opportunity, Hemu, a Hindu ruler, attacked Delhi, and Tardi Beg Khan fled the city. Akbar met Hemu’s army and defeated Hemu in the second battle of Panipat. Akbar was an efficient ruler and tried to include the whole of India under his rule. For this, Akbar adopted many strategies, in some places Akbar also used his military powers, while in other places Akbar used his administrative skills.
Akbar established matrimonial relations in many Hindu kingdoms. After marriage, Akbar did not force his Hindu wives to convert to Islam but instead encouraged them to practice their religion. Akbar respected all the religions of the world.
Akbar’s Belief In Secularism
According to Akbar, all religions guide us, God is one. Akbar’s secular approach resulted in the creation of a new religion called Din-i-Ilahi, the Faith of God. Akbar built a building called Ibadat Khana (House of Worship), where Akbar promoted religious debate.
Despite being a Muslim ruler, Akbar did many things for the benefit of Hindus completely abolishing the tax paid for the pilgrimage of Hindus and emphasizing Hindu-Muslim unity and establishing a peaceful atmosphere.
A Great Ruler
The great emperor of the Mughal dynasty, Akbar, had expanded the Mughal Empire significantly during his reign, he had spread his empire to most parts of the subcontinent of India, he ruled the great emperor Akbar to the Himalayas in the north, to the Brahmanadi in the east, north- It was extended up to the Hindukush in the west and up to the Vindhyas in the south.
There were nine Navratnas in Akbar’s court, including Abul Fazl, Faizi, Tansen, Birbal, Raja Todarmal, Raja Mansingh, Abdul Rahim Khan-i-Khana, Fakir Ajion-Din, and Mulla do Pyaza. The last years of Akbar’s reign were not peaceful, as Akbar’s son Salim, later known as Emperor Jahangir, rebelled against Akbar. Akbar died of diarrheal disease in Agra and his body was buried at Sikandra, where Akbar’s magnificent tomb is still located.
Some More Interesting Facts Related to the Life of Akbar
- Jalaluddin Muhammad Akbar has appointed the subedar of Ghazni at the age of just 9.
- Akbar, who developed his identity as the most distinct Mughal emperor, is known as Akbar the Great, Akbar-e-Azam, Mashhabali Shahenshah.
- Mughal emperor Akbar fought the biggest battle of his life in 1556. He fought this battle against Hemu, and fought Hemu and Sur’s army bravely and defeated them.
- Akbar also built the Buland Darwaza along with Fatehpur Sikri.
- Akbar founded a religion called Din-i-Ilahi in 1582 AD.
- Akbar’s reign is considered the golden age of Hindi literature.
- Abul Fazl wrote the book Akbarnama.
- Akbar was illiterate, but he had extraordinary knowledge in almost every subject, as well as he was known for his memory, once he listened, it was printed in his mind.