On 2 February 2017, the United Nations General Assembly adopted without a vote resolution 71/275 – introduced by Turkmenistan, recognized by the United Nations as a permanently neutral state since 12 December 1995 – which called for the preservation of peace and the implementation of the 2030 Agenda. Note the middle link. Sustainable Development, and declared 12 December as the International Day of Neutrality.
What Is Neutrality?
Neutrality is defined as the legal position arising from the abstention of one state from all participation in a war between other states, the maintenance of an attitude of neutrality towards the belligerents, and the recognition by the belligerents of this neutrality and neutrality – serious form It is more important than ever to gain and maintain the trust and cooperation of all for the United Nations to operate independently and effectively, especially in situations that are politically charged.
The resolution also underlined that national policies of neutrality of some states can contribute to strengthening international peace and security and play an important role in developing mutually beneficial relations among the countries of the world.
Recognizing that such national policies of neutrality are intended to promote the use of preventive diplomacy, which is a core function of the United Nations and occupies a central place among the functions of the Secretary-General, the General Assembly declared on 12 December the International decision made. Neutrality Day, and called for marking the day by organizing events aimed at raising public awareness of the value of neutrality in international relations.
History Of The Day!
Given the political tension and growing crisis, it is very important to uphold and defend the principles of sovereignty and sovereign equality of states, territorial integrity, self-determination, and non-interference in the internal affairs of any state. To promote and encourage the settlement of international disputes by peaceful means in such a manner that international peace and security are not endangered.
Therefore, the policy of neutrality contributes to the strengthening of peace and security in the relevant regions and at the global level and plays an important role in developing peaceful, friendly, and mutually beneficial relations among the countries of the world.
Significance Of The Day!
It is worth noting that the policy of neutrality – an important factor in providing conditions and creating a platform for peaceful negotiations – is closely related to the tools of preventive diplomacy, such as early warning and conflict prevention, mediation, good and based on them. Offices, fact-finding missions, negotiations, use of special envoys, informal consultations, peace-building, and targeted development activities.
Therefore, preventive diplomacy is a core function of the United Nations and is central to the role of the Secretary-General of the United Nations, which includes the Special Political Mission of the United Nations and the good office of the Secretary-General in peacekeeping and peace-building.
As a result, and by the guiding principles to strengthen the coordination of emergency humanitarian assistance of the United Nations system, countries with a status of neutrality play an important role in providing and distributing humanitarian assistance in situations of complex emergencies and natural disasters.
The GA resolution also proposes that the UN Secretary-General continue to cooperate closely with neutral states with a view to applying the principles of preventive diplomacy and using them in mediation activities such as,
The United Nations is committed to moving from a culture of “reaction” to one of “prevention”. The term “preventive diplomacy” refers to diplomatic action taken to prevent disputes from escalating into conflicts and to limit their spread when they do occur. While it is conducted in both public and private forms and forums, the most common expression of preventive diplomacy is found in the work of envoys sent to troubled areas to encourage dialogue, compromise, and peaceful resolution of tensions.
Since its inception, the United Nations has played an important role in helping to mediate inter- and intra-state conflicts at all stages: before they escalate into armed conflict after violence has broken out, and through peace agreements. During implementation. Successful conflict mediation requires an adequate support system to provide appropriate staff assistance and advice to mediators and ensure that the necessary logistical and financial resources are in place for negotiations.
UN peacekeeping flourished in the decade following the end of the Cold War, as many long-standing armed conflicts were resolved through political negotiations. The organization is playing a major role in peace building, increasingly working in partnership with regional organizations to end ongoing conflicts and prevent new crises from emerging or escalating.