1. Right to Life:
One of the civil rights in India is-Man must live before he can do anything. The state has to make provisions for the well-being and safety of its citizens. The right also implies the right to self-defense and the prevention of suicide.
2. Right to Family Life:
The right to family life is one of the essential civil human rights in India for the continuation of the human race. One can marry the person of his/her choice and produce children.
3. Right to Education:
Another important civil human right in India is-Every state gives the opportunity to its citizens to get an education as only educated people can participate in the working of society and government.
4. Right to Personal Freedom:
Civil human rights in India also include the right to personal freedom. The right to personal freedom is absolutely essential for the mental and physical growth of an individual. Right to personal freedom can be enjoyed in accordance with the laws made by the state and also in accordance with the interests of society.
5. Right to Religious Freedom:
The State does not impose any religion on people and they are free to adopt any religion and establish their religious institutions. This is the right of Indian citizen
6. Right to Freedom of Thought and Expression:
The right to freedom of thought and expression is also very important for personality development. The right of an Indian citizen is the freedom to express and exchange with others their views and ideas.
7. Right to Freedom of Movement:
Every citizen has the right to move freely throughout the country. Citizens are also given the right to go abroad. However certain areas can be made restricted areas.
8. Freedom of Press:
It is the right of Indian citizens to get their views printed in newspapers and periodicals. This right is essential for spreading education and information among the people.
9. Right to Equality:
In a modern democratic state, individuals are granted the right to equality. Though discrimination is done on the basis of religion, language, caste, sex, and color. Everyone is given equal opportunity to develop.
10. Right to Justice:
This civil human right is to save the weak and the poor, the right to get justice is also given. If this right is not given, many other rights also become meaningless. People are given the right to go to court for securing justice.
11. Freedom to Form Associations:
In order to fulfill social, economic, political, and cultural needs, many form different types of associations, and the state recognises their right to do so. But the state does not permit the formation of associations that are considered harmful to the interest of society.
12. Right to Cultural Freedom:
Citizens have been given the right to cultural freedom. They are free to develop their languages, customs, folkways, literature, and traditions. This is a civil human right as to do or celebrate their traditions or do what is meant for them.
13. Right to Contract:
The right to contract enables citizens to enter into free contracts with others. This is an essential condition of civilized life as without this social, economic and political relations cannot be really established. The list of Civil human rights are the most basic and essential rights that citizens of India have. Each individual is morally obligated to act in a rightful way and help those who are simply unaware of what moral responsibilities they have.