Goa Liberation Day 2022: The date of December 19, 1961, narrates the story of the independence of Goa which was under Portuguese occupation till the time of independence of India. Whereas, on the second date, 30 May 1987, Bharti of Goa.
Goa Liberation Day 2022: Goa Liberation Day is celebrated every year on 19 December in India and it marks the day when the Indian Armed Forces liberated Goa in 1961 after 450 years of Portuguese rule. Was freed the year 2021 marks the completion of 60 years of Goa’s independence. Goa Liberation Day is marked by a lot of events and festivities in Goa, however this time the celebrations are expected to be muted due to the pandemic. A torchlight procession is taken out from three different places in the state, and finally, all meet at Azad Maidan.
The date of December 19, 1961, tells the story of the independence of Goa, which was under Portuguese occupation till the time of India’s independence. Whereas, the second date May 30, 1987, is the witness of Goa becoming a full-fledged state of the Indian Union. This date is celebrated as Goa’s foundation day. But it is a considerable question why it take a long time 14 years from the liberation of Goa to its becoming a full state of India and during this time Goa was under whom? So let’s know the interesting journey of becoming modern Goa
Liberation And Foundation Day Of Goa
Even after India became independent on August 15, 1948, Goa remained under Portuguese occupation. But, the Portuguese rulers were not able to fulfill the aspirations of the people of Goa. Despite several requests from the Government of India, when the Portuguese did not agree, then Operation Vijay was started. Finally, on December 19, 1961, Goa was liberated and it was merged with Daman and Diu to form a union territory. However, later on, on May 30, 1987, Goa was given full statehood and Daman and Diu were made separate union territories. Since then, May 30 is celebrated as Goa’s Liberation Day i.e. Foundation Day. Panaji was given the status of the capital of Goa and Konkani language as the official language after its establishment.
History Of Goa Liberation Day
- In 1510, the Portuguese colonized many parts of India, but by the end of the 19th century, colonies of Portuguese in India were limited to Goa, Daman, Diu, Dadra, Nagar Haveli, and Anjediva Island.
- The Goa Liberation Movement, which sought to end Portuguese colonial rule in Goa, began with small-scale rebellions.
- On 15 August 1947, when India gained its independence, Goa was still under Portuguese rule.
- The Portuguese refused to give up their authority over Goa and other Indian territories. After numerous failed negotiations and diplomatic efforts with the Portuguese, Jawaharlal Nehru the former Prime Minister of India decided that military intervention was the only option.
- The 36-hour military campaign, conducted from 18 December 1961, was code-named ‘Operation Vijay’, meaning ‘Operation Victory’, and involved attacks by the Indian Navy, Indian Air Force, and the Indian Army.