Formation Day History and Significance
The way we see our country of India today, it was not made in a day. After independence, many changes and political amendments took place in the country. The present 28 states of India were also not formed in a day. Many states were formed over time. Every state of India is known for its unique culture and demographics. Keeping these factors in mind, different states were formed at different times.
On this day i.e. on November 01, the states of Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, Chhattisgarh, Haryana, Punjab, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, and Tamil Nadu are celebrating their foundation day. At the same time, Delhi, Chandigarh, Puducherry, Lakshadweep, Andaman, and Nicobar were also given the status of Union Territories on this day. Let us know the history of the formation of these Indian states.
Andhra Pradesh (01 November 1956)
After many people’s agitations and sacrifices, the state of Andhra Pradesh was carved out of the then Madras Presidency. Telangana, which was then a part of Hyderabad State, later merged with Andhra State and Andhra Pradesh became a full-fledged state.
Tamil Nadu (01 November 1956)
A part of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, and Kerala separated from Madras Presidency. The death of Tamil scholar and Gandhian, K Sankaralinganar in October 1956 after an indefinite fast of 75 days prompted the then administration to pass the 1956 State Linguistic Reorganization Bill in the state assembly and give a parliamentary nod.
Kerala (01 November 1956)
The state of Kerala separated from the Madras Presidency after the passage of the States Linguistic Reorganization Bill in 1956 and the merger of the provinces of Malabar, Cochin, and Travancore.
Madhya Pradesh (01 November 1956)
According to the States Reorganization Act, the states of Madhya Bharat, Vindhya Pradesh, and Bhopal were merged into Madhya Pradesh, and the Marathi-speaking southern region of Vidarbha was assigned to Bombay state.
Karnataka (01 November 1956)
Karnataka state was formed by merging the Kannada-speaking regions of South India. The princely state of Mysore was amalgamated with the Kannada-speaking areas of the Bombay and Madras Presidencies as well as the princely state of Hyderabad to form a unified Kannada-speaking sub-national entity.
Haryana (01 November 1966)
According to the Punjab Reorganization Act (1966) headed by Justice JC Shah, the Shah Commission divided the existing state of Punjab and determined the boundaries of the new state of Haryana.
Punjab (01 November 1966)
In 1956 the state of East Punjab was integrated to form a new expanded Indian state called simply “Punjab”. However, after the creation of the state of Haryana on linguistic lines, the Punjabi-speaking population formed the state under the Punjab Reorganization Act (1966).
Chhattisgarh (01 November 2000)
After the then President gave his assent to the Madhya Pradesh Reorganization Act 2000 on 25 August 2000, the new state of Chhattisgarh was formed by dividing the ten Chhattisgarhi and six Gondi-speaking districts of Madhya Pradesh.