April 13, 2024 06:48:37 booked.net

December 27, 1911: When ‘Jana Gana Mana’ Echoed For The First Time, Read How Rabindranath Tagore’s Song Became The National Anthem!

(Eingeschränkte Rechte für bestimmte redaktionelle Kunden in Deutschland. Limited rights for specific editorial clients in Germany.) Tagore, Rabindranath *07.05.1861-07.08.1941+Schriftsteller, Philosoph, Musiker, Maler, IndienLiteraturnobelpreis 1913 fuer den Gedichtband 'Gitanjali'- Portrait- undatiert (Photo by ullstein bild/ullstein bild via Getty Images)

On January 24, 1950, the first President Rajendra Prasad officially declared ‘Jana Gana Mana’ as the national anthem and ‘Vande Mataram’ as the national song.

27 December 1911. This is the date when the song ‘Jana Gana Mana’ resonated on the public platform for the first time. Indian National Congress had its Calcutta (now Kolkata) session. The singer of the song was none other than Sarla, the niece of Rabindranath Tagore. She was not alone, some other children from the school were with her. Leaders like then Congress President Bishan Narayan Dar, Ambika Charan Mazumdar, and Bhupendra Nath Bose were sitting in front.

Tagore himself sang this song for the first time in 1919 at the Besant Theosophical College in Andhra Pradesh. The college administration made it a morning prayer. Tagore translated the song into English at the behest of Margaret Cousins, the vice-principal of that college. Tagore gave the title ‘The Morning Song of India’ to the English version. He also prepared the musical notation of the song. This notation is used to sing the song in its original style.

How Did ‘Jana Gana Mana’ Become The National Anthem?

When the country became independent and the Constituent Assembly sat for the first time on the night of 14 August 1947, it ended with ‘Jana Gana Mana’. In 1947, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) met in New York. When the Indian delegation was asked to sing the country’s national anthem, the UNGA was given a recording of ‘Jana Gana Mana’.

In front of delegates from all over the world, ‘Jana Gana Mana’ resounded on the orchestra and everyone appreciated its tune. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru mentioned this in a letter.

However, ‘Jana Gana Mana’ was not formally made the national anthem till then. On January 24, 1950, the assembly sat to sign the Constitution of India. Meanwhile, the first President Rajendra Prasad officially declared ‘Jana Gana Mana’ as the national anthem and ‘Vande Mataram’ as the national song.

The first part of the song consisting of 5 stanzas was accepted as the national anthem. When the assembly ended, the President asked all the members to sing ‘Jana Gana Mana’ together at the request of the country’s first deputy speaker MA Iyengar. After the formation of the national anthem, ‘Jana Gana Mana’ was sung for the first time under the leadership of Poornima Banerjee.

What Is The Specialty Of The Song?

This song is written in ‘Sadhu Bhasa’ of Bengali. Similar words are used a lot in this. Hindi teachers used to explain that many of the nouns in the national anthem can be used as verbs as well. This song was used in the 1945 film ‘Humrahi’. Even before it became the national anthem, The Doon School in Dehradun had made it their official song.

The Short Version Of The National Anthem

There are rules for playing or singing the national anthem. On some occasions, the first and last lines of the national anthem are played. Its duration is 20 seconds. The entire national anthem is sung in 52 seconds. At the time of the national anthem, it is mandatory to remain in the posture of caution.