The Constitution of India, the country’s supreme law, establishes the framework for defining the fundamental political code, organizational structure, operational procedures, and responsibilities of governmental institutions, as well as the fundamental rights, guiding principles, and duties of citizens. It is the world’s longest-written national constitution.
1. The original 1950 constitution
The original 1950 constitution is preserved in a nitrogen-filled case at the Parliament House in New Delhi.
2. What was MN Roy’s role in the constitution
MN Roy was the first person to suggest the idea of establishing a Constituent Assembly in 1934, which eventually became an official demand of the Indian National Congress 1935.
3. What is ‘Bag of Borrowings’
The Constitution of India is also known as the ‘Bag of Borrowings’ as it has borrowed provinces from the Constitutions of various countries. However, it was drafted according to the historical perspective, geographical diversity, and cultural and traditional characteristics of India.
4. Prem Narain Raizada
The Constitution of India, which is the longest written constitution in the world, has been handwritten and calligraphed in both Hindi and English by Prem Narain Raizada and was published by him in Dehradun.
5. Total expenditure
The Constitution came into force with a total expenditure of around Rs 64 lakh.
Around 2000 amendments were made in the first draft of the constitution.
7. Why Dr Bhim Rao Ambedkar wanted to burn the constitution
Dr Bhim Rao Ambedkar once wanted to burn the constitution. “It is by placating the sentiments of smaller communities and smaller people who are afraid that the majority may do wrong, that the British Parliament works. Sir, my friends tell me that I have made the Constitution. But I am quite prepared to say that I shall be the first person to burn it out. I do not want it. It does not suit anybody. But whatever that may be, if our people want to carry on, they must not forget that there are majorities and there are minorities, and they simply cannot ignore the minorities by saying, “Oh, no. To recognize you is to harm democracy.” I should say that the greatest harm will come by injuring the minorities.”
8. Cast Votes
Indian women got the right to vote after the enforcement of the Constitution of India. Earlier, they were denied this right. Only men were allowed to cast votes.
9. Dr. Rajendra Prasad
Dr. Rajendra Prasad, the first President of India was the first person to sign the Constitution. Feroze Gandhi, the then President of the Constituent Assembly, was the last one to sign it.
10. Mini Constitution
The 42nd Amendment Act of 1976, is known as the ‘Mini Constitution’ as it has brought the most important amendments to the Indian Constitution. It changed the description of India from a ‘sovereign democratic republic’ to a ‘sovereign, socialist secular democratic republic’, and also changed the words ‘unity of the nation’ to “unity and integrity of the nation”.