April 14, 2024 03:31:39 booked.net

Combatting Diabetes and Obesity in Young Adults: Embrace These Fitness Guidelines

A health expert shares fitness tips and preventive measures to address the growing concerns of diabetes and obesity among young adults.

According to the 2023 Indian Council of Medical Research – India Diabetes (ICMR INDIAB) study, the estimated prevalence of diabetes in India is 10.1 crores, and abdominal obesity affects 35 crores. The study, which analyzed the prevalence of metabolic non-communicable diseases (NCDs) like diabetes, hypertension, obesity, and dyslipidemia, revealed significantly higher rates than previous estimates.

In an HT Lifestyle interview, Dr. Himika Chawla, MBBS, MD General Medicine, DM Endocrinologist, and Metabolism at AIIMS, and Consultant- Endocrinology, expressed her views. She emphasized, “As India undergoes urbanization and industrialization, many young adults have transitioned from physically demanding jobs to sedentary occupations. The surge in desk jobs, extensive technology use, lack of fitness activities, and consumption of processed foods, sugary beverages, high-calorie snacks, coupled with insufficient physical activity, contribute to overall weight gain, escalating the risk of diabetes and hastening the progression from prediabetes to diabetes.”

Addressing the mounting concerns, Dr. Chawla advocated for the right approach, stating, “It begins with dietary recommendations, including practicing portion control with a balanced diet and engaging in physical activity. Smaller, balanced meals can help regulate blood sugar levels. Regular check-ups with healthcare providers are crucial for monitoring diabetes, adjusting treatment plans, and checking for complications. Seeking guidance and support from healthcare professionals and dietitians is essential to create a personalized plan for long-term success in managing these non-communicable diseases.”

Discussing the intricate connection between stress, lifestyle choices, and their impact on diabetes risk, she remarked, “Prolonged stress and obesity create a cycle leading to metabolic dysfunction, insulin resistance, and diabetes development. Stress, in its various forms, silently contributes to the diabetes surge. Unhealthy habits like fast food, sedentary routines, and others collectively elevate diabetes risk.”

Emphasizing stress management in diabetes prevention, Dr. Chawla stated, “Addressing stress as a central element is paramount. Recognizing stress’s profound role and its influence on lifestyle choices is crucial. Implementing effective stress management strategies is not a matter of preference but a compelling necessity. Cultivating resilience, mindfulness, and adaptive coping mechanisms can shield against stress consequences. Exploring the complex relationship between stress, lifestyle, and diabetes underscores the critical importance of holistic well-being, where emotional and physical health are inseparable. Preventive measures like stress management therapies not only mitigate diabetes risk but also enhance life quality.”