April 14, 2024 05:03:55 booked.net

All you need to know about Ram Manohar Lohia

Ram Manohar Lohia’s Biography

  • Ram Manohar Lohia, a socialist political leader as well as a noted freedom fighter of India was born in the village of Akbarpur, Uttar Pradesh on 23rd March 1910.
  • He was born to Hira Lal, a patriot and a teacher, and Chanda. He did his intermediate from Benaras Hindu University. He did his BA from Calcutta University in 1929. Lohia then flew to Germany whereby he joined Berlin University and learned German.
  • Rammanohar was highly influenced by Mahatma Gandhi’s ideas which instigated the feeling of Swaraj (freedom) in him. ‘Salt Satyagraha’ was his subject in the Ph.D. thesis paper. Though he had a good affinity with Jawaharlal Nehru but dissented from him on many political issues.
  • His first contribution as a nationalist leader was organizing a ‘hartal’ on Bal Gangadhar Tilak’s death. In 1928, he joined protests against the Simon Commission.

Achievements and notable incidents:

  • In Europe, he organized ‘The Association of European Indians.
  • Joined Indian National Congress and established Congress Socialist Party, in 1934.
  • He was elected the Secretary of the All India Congress Committee (1936).
  • He was arrested on 7th June 1940 and sentenced to two years imprisonment for writing an article ‘Satyagraha Now’ in Gandhiji’s newspaper Harijan.
  • He published and circulated posters and pamphlets on ‘Do or Die during the ‘Quit India Movement, in 1942. He along with Aruna Asaf Ali edited a Congress Party monthly newspaper called ‘Inquilab’.

Post-independence period:

  • Lohia took the leadership of building a dam on river Paniyari called ‘The Lohia Sagar Dam.
  • Founded ‘Hind Kisan Panchayat’ to provide solutions to the farmers.
  • Set up World Development Council and World Government to retain peace.

This great leader died on 12th October 1967. The Dr.Ram Manohar Lohia College of Law, Bangalore is named after him.