Crispy, tasty, somewhat healthy, and cheap, tempura is one of the most popular dishes in Japan. Your choice of prawns, fish, squid, vegetables, or tofu is lightly battered and quickly deep-fried to prevent the loss of nutritious vitamins and minerals. Tempura may be served on its own, but is often presented on top of noodles or rice, with a variety of dipping sauces.
- Noodles: soba, udon, and ramen
Noodles are a delicious and cheap alternative to a rice-based meal. Made from buckwheat flour, soba noodles have a greyish colour and are served hot with broth or cold with a dipping sauce. Udon are thick wheat noodles that are served hot or cold with soy or fish soup.
With more than 10,000 specialty shops around the country, Ramen is perhaps the cheapest and most popular type of noodle in Japan (although originally from China). Available in thin or thick varieties, ramen is most often served with a hot broth made from fish, pork, miso or soy and is topped with tempura, crumbed pork fillet, or slices of meat.
Many noodle shops operate a vending machine system. Simply buy a ticket at the vending machine when you enter. Choose your noodle preference; hot or cold, thick or thin, choose the serving size and your preferred topping. Hand the receipt to the chef or staff who will prepare it on the spot. Find a place to sit or stand and enjoy slurping your noodles along with everyone else.
Japan’s most internationally famous dish, sushi is also internationally misunderstood. Most people are mistaken in believing that sushi is simply raw fish. Rather, good sushi is a vigilant combination of vinegared rice, raw fish and vegetables and comes in many different forms.
Sushi nigiri is the most well-known variety with a slice of raw fish or egg or vegetable perched atop a small bundle of rice. Maki sushi is the variety that is rolled in ‘nori’ seaweed. Temaki sushi is cone-shaped and full of assorted ingredients. Inari sushi features deep-fried tofu wrapped around the rice. Among the thousands of sushi shops in Tokyo alone you are sure to find a variety that suits you.
Okonomiyaki is a fun, interactive way of dining, perfect for groups. Basically, okonomiyaki is a batter that is mixed with all your favorite ingredients than fried like a pancake on the grill right in front of you. Okonomiyaki translates as ‘grill your favorite’ and as such, there is great variety in terms of ingredients available – from seafood, beef, chicken, and bacon, to tofu, cheese, corn, onion, and other vegetables.
Once the batter has cooked, the okonomiyaki is topped with a rich brown sauce, mayonnaise, and dried bonito flakes. Typically each person in the group orders their own okonomiyaki preference and many restaurants allow you to cook your own, which is a fun addition to the meal.
Teppanyaki brings entertainment to the dinner table. You’re seated around the chef and his large grill plate and watch the chef skillfully prepare your food right in front of you. This theatrical demonstration of the chef’s culinary skills is part of the beauty of teppan. In many of the larger hotels, the teppan chefs actually perform amazing stunts, juggling with their razor-sharp knives, catching tiny morsels with chopsticks, and generally wowing their audience of diners.
Teppan menus are typically course-based with some kind of beef, ranging from the extremely popular and expensive Kobe beef to lesser grades. Vegetables, rice, and pickles are also usually included.
- Teishoku – a set meal
Set meals are very popular, particularly at lunch time, and most restaurants offer set meals of some kind. Typically, a set meal includes rice, pickles, soup and a main dish of fish, seafood, vegetables or meat. With lots of food and cheap prices the teishoku dining option is a great introduction to everyday Japanese food.
Some of the better restaurants offer kaiseki – a traditional Japanese tasting menu. The preparation of kaiseki is considered an art form requiring a careful balance of taste, texture, appearance and colour, using only fresh seasonal ingredients. Expect exquisite presentation, and higher-than-average prices.
This is another fun, interactive way of eating in Japan. Yakiniku hails from Korea and is essentially a do-it-yourself barbecue with bite-sized pieces of beef, pork and vegetables that you cook on the grill in front of you. The thin slices of meat and vegetable cook quickly and are then doused into a soy-based dipping sauce flavoured with sesame, garlic and sake.
Menus usually offer plates of different ingredients and a table may order two or three different plates and spend hours slowly cooking and eating. Rice and pickles usually accompany the meal.
The Japanese believe yakitori is the perfect accompaniment to beer, and in the late hours of the night yakitori stands are always full of life. Yakitori translates as grilled chicken and some restaurants serve up to 20 varieties of the skewers, each a different part of the chicken, including breast meat, wings, heart, parson’s nose, and skin. Your yakitori can be flavoured with shio (salt), or tare (a sweet-salty sauce). Yakitori is a very popular and cheap snack food, usually only 100-200 yen per skewer.